Aquarius Bus Logo

Viewing The Peru Worlds Fair Exposition of 1872

Peru Worlds Fair Details

We begin in Lima at the Peru Worlds Fair of the 1870’s. Next we examine melted snow and geology. The Lima International Exhibition (Exposicion Internacional de 1872) was held in the Park of the Exposition, Lima, in 1872 to attract foreign investment, demonstrate Peru’s progress and to mark fifty years since Peru’s independence.

The Peruvian president José Balta had ordered the demolition of the Walls of Lima in 1870 and the establishment of the Park of the Exposition to host the exhibition. The park was designed by Manuel Atanasio Fuentes and Antonio Leonardi and opened on 1 July 1872.

During the fair there was a botanic garden, a Chinese pavilion and displays of modern machinery and of pre-Columbian art. And still remaining in the park in 2017 there are a Byzantine and Moroccan pavilion and a fountain of Neptune. There was also a Huaca, a Chinese pavilion, a dovecote, a lake with swans and a large clock. The clock, ‘The great clock of Lima’, designed by Pedro Ruiz Gallo was installed in a tower and as well as the time had six dials showing century date, year, month, week, day and phases of the moon, incorporated an organ and a 3×1 mitre oblong to show a different historical picture every 25 hours.

The British firms Ransomes, Sims and Head (Ipswich) exhibited agricultural machinery, Ruston, Proctor and Company a road engine, Bailey and Company fire pumps and pyrometers and Barrow Hematite Steel Company showed steel and iron works at the Peru Worlds Fair.


The Great Clock of Lima also known as the Pedro Ruiz Gallo clock after its inventor, was a monumental clock created by Pedro Ruiz Gallo, and which was installed in the Parque de la Exposición in 1870 for the celebration of the Exhibition of 1872. The watch disappeared during the occupation of Lima by the Chilean Army in the War of the Pacific.

After the Spanish-South American War, colonel and inventor Pedro Ruiz Gallo was able to dedicate himself entirely to the ambitious project of building a great clock for the Peruvian capital, which he achieved under the patronage of then-President José Balta, who appointed him attached to the General Staff and financed his work. To carry out the mechanism, he obtained a budget of S/.31,000 from the Peruvian State, to which he added some S/.10,000 from his own pocket.

Despite the opposition and criticism that his work received, after 6 years of work he was able to inaugurate his mechanical work on December 6, 1870, at 00:00, a few days before the anniversary of the Battle of Ayacucho was celebrated, before the admiration of the public gathered in the gardens in front of the Palacio de la Exposición.

The clock was one of the main attractions of the Peru Worlds Fair of 1872 held in Lima, where various representative objects of the Andean country were exhibited, as well as machinery that indicated the Peruvian progress generated from the economic boom for the export of guano. It remained at the Palace of the Exhibition, which served as its location for ten years, until the War of the Pacific led to the occupation of Lima in 1881.

The clock was exposed in the Peru Worlds Fair park for about 10 years. During the occupation of Lima by the Chilean Army, various facilities such as the Universidad Mayor de San Marcos, the National Library or the Palacio de la Exposición were used as barracks by the invading troops. One of the theories about the fate of the watch suggests that after being disassembled it was taken as war booty by order of Patricio Lynch, however once in Chile it could not be put into operation. According to Jorge Basadre, its inventor removed essential parts of the mechanism to render it useless so that the enemy could not rebuild it once it was transferred to Santiago de Chile.

Jon Levi

share | the aquarius bus

You also might be interested...

Find anything interesting?

Join others and get timely updates delivered straight to your inbox when we post unique content!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

a variety of therapeutic or preventive health-care practices that are not typically taught or practiced in traditional medical communities

theory & development of computer systems able to perform tasks that require human intelligence, i.e. speech, decision-making & translation 

the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world

used popularly as a synonym for catastrophe or a large-scale catastrophic event

a substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being

an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one

the planet on which we live; the world in which we exist on soil

a natural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic fragrance of the plant or other source from which it is extracted

of or from outside the earth or its atmosphere

intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest

Earth’s southernmost and least-populated continent, the fifth-largest, 40% larger than Europe

a secret history which has been deliberately suppressed, forgotten, or ignored

relating to or made from a compound or preparation used for the treatment or prevention of disease derived from plants

graphic visual representations of information, data, or knowledge

the life, times & inventions of Nikola Tesla

esoteric supernatural beliefs and practices which generally fall outside the scope of religion and science

A conditioning and brainwashing tool manipulated to reference planned false flags

the foretelling or prediction
 of what is to come

game or mind sport in which players attempt to answer questions correctly on one or several specific topics

the practice of seeking impressions about a distant, future or past unseen target, using (ESP) or “sensing with mind”

The continuation of life or existence

vast part of Asia bounded by the Caspian Sea, Ural Mountains, Pacific Ocean, & the north of China, India and Persia

Einstein’s theory of relativity, developed in 1905, shows that time passes at different rates. 

The Complete & Missing Chats from the John Titor internet chat postings, including extras